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How to Make Your Website SEO-Friendly

Having a website these days is essential. However, simply existing online isn’t enough if you want your brand to thrive. It’s important for you to understand the importance of SEO or Search Engine Optimization.

Search Engine Optimization is the practice of optimizing a website to increase its visibility and rankings. By having improved visibility and higher rankings, people can find your website easier.


SEO matters because most internet users rely on search engines to find information, products, and services online. Studies have shown that over 90% of online experiences begin with a search engine. Therefore, websites that rank higher in search engine results have a bigger chance to attract clicks and visitors.

Making a website SEO-friendly can seem intimidating. It takes a lot of time and effort. Although the journey is long, it is well worth it. In this article, we will provide a comprehensive guide on how to make a website SEO-friendly.

Site Audits

Conducting a site audit is crucial in optimizing a website for search engines. It should be the first step in improving your website’s SEO. A site audit is a process of analyzing a website to identify technical SEO issues that may be impacting visibility on search engines. By conducting a site audit, you can identify and address any technical issues that may be hindering your SEO performance.

Identifying Technical SEO Issues

After a site audit, you’ll be able to see what issues are affecting your site. Identifying technical SEO issues is a critical step in optimizing a website for search engines. Below are some common factors to look for when identifying technical SEO issues.

  • Crawl errors: These errors prevent search engines from properly crawling and indexing a website. To identify crawl errors, you can use Google Search Console, which provides a report on any crawl errors that may be impacting the website’s performance.
  • Page speed: This is an important factor in SEO performance. Slow-loading pages can result in a poor user experience and a higher bounce rate, which can negatively impact a website’s ranking.
  • Duplicate content: This is another technical SEO issue that can negatively impact a website’s ranking. To identify duplicate content, you can use tools plagiarism-checking tools such as Copyscape, which checks for duplicate content on the internet, or Google Search Console.

By identifying and addressing technical SEO issues early on such as broken links, crawl errors, page speed, and duplicate content, you can improve your website’s ranking and overall SEO performance.

Keyword Research

Keyword research is a critical component of SEO as it helps you identify the words and phrases that your target audience uses to search for information. With the help of Google Scraping, you can understand the keywords that your target audience is searching for and create relevant, valuable content that matches your users’ search intent, improving your website’s ranking and visibility on search engines.

The Importance of Keyword Research

By incorporating these keywords into your website’s content, you can optimize your website for search engines, making it more likely that your website will appear at the top of search engine results for relevant search queries.

Keyword research also helps you understand your competitors’ SEO strategies, allowing them to identify gaps in your SEO performance and develop strategies to improve your ranking and visibility on search engines.

By monitoring your website’s keyword rankings and adjusting your SEO strategy accordingly, you can continually improve your website’s SEO performance and attract more organic traffic to your website.

Keyword Research Tools You Need

There are various tools available to help you conduct keyword research. Some of the most commonly used tools are:

  • Google Keyword Planner: Google’s free tool for keyword research provides insights into search volume, competition, and suggested bids for keywords. It also helps users find new keywords based on the website or product categories.
  • SEMrush: This paid tool provides keyword research and competitor analysis. It helps users identify organic and paid keywords used by your competitors and provides suggestions for new keyword opportunities.
  • Ahrefs: Ahrefs is another paid tool that provides in-depth keyword research, competitor analysis, and backlink analysis. It helps users find relevant keywords, analyze search traffic, and monitor rankings for target keywords.
  • Moz Keyword Explorer: This tool provides keyword suggestions, search volume, difficulty score, and priority score for keywords. It also provides insights into organic click-through rate (CTR) and keyword opportunity score.
  • Google Trends: This free tool helps users explore trending topics, keyword popularity, and regional differences in search volume. It also helps users identify related keywords and related queries.

With these tools, you can identify high-volume, low-competition keywords, analyze competitor strategies, and monitor your website’s keyword rankings.

Choosing and Optimizing Keywords

With so many keywords out there, it can be overwhelming to decide which ones you want to rank for. Instead of aiming for random keywords, be intentional and take your time in keyword research. Here are some tips on how to choose and optimize keywords for your website:

  • Understand your target audience: Research to understand your target audience’s search intent and the keywords they use to search for your product or service.
  • Create a list of relevant keywords: Use tools such as Google Keyword Planner, SEMrush, or Ahrefs to generate a list of relevant keywords for your website.
  • Analyze keyword competition: Analyze the competition for each keyword and identify high-volume, low-competition keywords that are relevant to your website.
  • Monitor keyword performance: Use tools such as Google Analytics or SEMrush to monitor your keyword rankings, track changes, and adjust your strategy accordingly.
  • Continuously update and refine your keyword strategy: Keyword research is an ongoing process. Continuously update and refine your keyword strategy to improve your website’s ranking and visibility on search engines.

By following these tips, you can choose and optimize keywords that are relevant to your target audience.

On-Page Optimization

Content on your site can highly affect your website rankings. As you can imagine, websites with great use of headings, organized content, and optimized on-page elements tend to perform better than those that don’t.

On-page optimization refers to the process of optimizing individual pages on a website to improve your ranking and visibility on search engines. This involves optimizing various on-page elements, including titles, headings, meta descriptions, image alt text, and content.

On-page optimization is important for SEO because it helps search engine algorithms understand the relevance and value of individual pages on a website. Additionally, on-page optimization can improve the user experience of a website.

4 Ways to Optimize Your Website

Optimizing title tags, meta descriptions, headings, content, and images are essential for effective on-page optimization.

  • Title tags and meta descriptions: Ensure that your title tags and meta descriptions are descriptive, accurate, and include relevant keywords. Keep your title tags under 60 characters and your meta descriptions under 155 characters.
  • Headings: Use headings (H1, H2, H3, etc.) to structure your content and make it easier for search engines to understand the hierarchy of your content. This will also make it easier for users to read your content. Be sure to include relevant keywords in your headings to improve your website’s relevance to search engines.
  • Content: Ensure that your content is high-quality, informative, and relevant to your target audience. Use keywords naturally throughout your content, but avoid keyword stuffing. Use internal and external links to provide additional context and resources for your readers.
  • Images: Optimize your images by using descriptive filenames and alt tags that include relevant keywords.

Off-Page Optimization

Off-page optimization refers to the process of improving a website’s authority, relevance, and visibility on search engines through activities that take place outside of the website itself. This includes activities such as link-building, social media marketing, guest blogging, and influencer marketing.

Off-page optimization is a way to signal to search engines that other websites and online communities view your website as valuable and authoritative. The more high-quality, relevant links your website has pointing to it from other websites, the more likely search engines are to view your website as authoritative and relevant to users’ search queries.

The Importance of Off-Page Optimization

Off-page optimization is important for SEO because it helps search engines understand the popularity and authority of a website based on its reputation and relationships with other websites and online communities. Here are some of the main reasons why off-page optimization is important for SEO:

  • Authority and Trust: Search engines consider the number and quality of links pointing to a website as an indicator of its authority and trustworthiness. By acquiring high-quality, relevant links from other authoritative websites, a website can improve its authority and trustworthiness, which can result in higher rankings on search engine results pages.
  • Branding: Off-page optimization activities such as social media marketing and influencer marketing can help improve a website’s visibility, reach, and reputation among its target audience.
  • Traffic: By building a network of high-quality, relevant links from other authoritative websites, a website can attract more referral traffic from these websites.
  • Competitive Advantage: Off-page optimization can provide a competitive advantage by helping a website stand out in a crowded online marketplace.

Overall, off-page optimization is an essential component of SEO that can help you improve your website’s authority and trustworthiness.

Mobile Optimization

Mobile optimization in SEO refers to the process of optimizing a website for mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets. With the increasing use of mobile devices to browse the internet, websites need to be mobile-friendly to ensure a good user experience.

Creating a Mobile-Friendly Website

Creating a mobile-friendly website involves optimizing the website’s design, content, and functionality to ensure a seamless user experience on mobile devices. Here are some tips on how to create a mobile-friendly website:

  • Use Responsive Design: Responsive design ensures that a website adjusts to the screen size of the device it’s being viewed on, providing a seamless user experience. This means that a website’s layout, images, and text should adjust accordingly to ensure that they’re easy to read and navigate on mobile devices.
  • Optimize Images and Videos: Images and videos should be optimized for mobile devices to ensure fast loading times and reduce the amount of data used. This can be done by using compressed images and explainer videos, lazy loading, and reducing the number of images and videos on a page, according to Andre Oentoro, the owner of Breadnbeyond.
  • Simplify Navigation: Navigation should be simple and easy to use on mobile devices, with clear menus and links. This can be achieved by using a hamburger menu, reducing the number of links on a page, and using large, easy-to-click buttons.
  • Prioritize Content: Mobile users are often looking for specific information, so it’s important to prioritize content and make it easy to find. This can be achieved by using headings and subheadings, bulleted lists, and highlighting important information.

User Experience

User experience (UX) in SEO refers to the overall experience that a user has while browsing a website. It involves factors such as ease of use, navigation, speed, design, and content quality.

A good user experience can help to reduce bounce rates, which is the percentage of users who leave a website after viewing only one page. High bounce rates can negatively impact a website’s search engine rankings, as they suggest that the website does not provide relevant or useful content to users.

Good user experience can also lead to increased engagement and conversions, with users spending more time on a website and interacting with its content. This can lead to improved search engine rankings, as search engines interpret increased engagement as a signal that a website is providing valuable content to users.

Improving User Experience

Improving the user experience (UX) through website design, navigation, and content is essential for SEO success. The design of a website plays a significant role in UX. It should be visually appealing, professional, and easy to use.

Navigation is a critical component of UX. Users should be able to find what they’re looking for quickly and easily. This can be achieved by using a clear and intuitive menu structure, using breadcrumbs to show users where they are on the website, and providing search functionality.

The quality of a website’s content also plays a significant role in UX. Content should be relevant, informative, and engaging. This can be achieved by using clear and concise language, using headings and subheadings to break up content, and using images and videos to supplement the text.

Lastly, accessibility is another essential component of UX. Websites should be accessible to all users, including those with disabilities. This can be achieved by using alt tags for images, ensuring that the website is compatible with screen readers, and using a clear and easy-to-read font.

Tracking and Analytics

Tracking and analytics are critical components of SEO because they provide you with valuable insights into how your website is performing, which can help them make data-driven decisions to improve your website’s SEO.

By analyzing website traffic, you can identify problem areas, such as high bounce rates or low conversion rates, which can be addressed to improve the website’s SEO. Tracking and analytics can also provide you with a way to measure the success of your SEO efforts. This can help them determine what’s working and what’s not, so they can adjust your strategy accordingly.

By analyzing user behavior on the website, you can gain insights into what users are looking for, which pages are most popular, and how users are interacting with the website. This information can be used to optimize the website’s content and improve user experience.


In this article, we have covered the importance of making a website SEO-friendly and the various components that contribute to an effective SEO strategy. These components include site audits, keyword research, on-page optimization, off-page optimization, mobile optimization, user experience, and tracking and analytics.

We have discussed the importance of regularly monitoring website performance and updating SEO practices to ensure continued success. SEO is not a one-time fix, but rather an ongoing process that requires constant monitoring and updating to keep up with changes in search engine algorithms and user behavior.

About the Author

Ebnu Sudarso

Ebnu Sudarso is the Co-founder of Milkwhale, an internationally acknowledged infographic production agency. Graphic design and writing have always been passions of mine. Over the years at Milkwhale, the company has created and published numerous infographics and great visuals.

Work illustrations by Storyset

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